Factors Influencing Capital Structure of Vietnam's Real Estate Enterprises: A Move from Static to Dynamic Models
Pham Tien Minh & Nguyen Tien Dung
In this study, which investigates the determinants of capital structure of Vietnam’s listed real estate companies, we conduct a comparative analysis of static and dynamic models, finding out several factors affecting the capital structure. By applying panel data for 47 listed companies in the real estate domain from 2008 to 2013, we find that static panel models and dynamic estimators provide significantly different results. To finally identify the capital structure determinants, we then employ the system-GMM estimation. The empirical results indicate that the pecking order theory dominates the static trade-off theory as for the Vietnam’s listed real estate companies, which are also found to partially adjust their capital structure toward the target capital structure at a low speed (α = 0.452),
implying that these have to face quite large adjustment costs.
Capital Structure; Static Model; Dynamic Model; Gmm; Real Estate; Speed Of Adjustment.