Determinants of Vietnam’s exports: An application of the gravity model
Huy Quynh Nguyen
The success of exports in Vietnam has become a driving force for economic growth since the reform in 1986. The paper uses data from 2010 to 2014 to estimate the gravity model for Vietnam’s exports with the random effect estimation. The empirical results show that the bilateral trade of Vietnam is positively associated with the country’s GDP and importing countries’ GDP. Furthermore, it has a negative relationship with distance from Vietnam to trading partners. These results are akin to those of the previous studies of the gravity model. Particularly, foreign direct investment, border effects and exchange rate play a significant role in promoting exports of Vietnam. Besides, the deepened integration into the region and world market also has significant impacts on expanding exports of Vietnam. Therefore, these factors have contributed to explaining the success in exports of Vietnam over the past few years.
Gravity model Exports of Vietnam Determinants of Vietnam’s exports FDI
2019, Journal of Asian Business and Economic Studies
This study investigates the ex-ante impact of the proposed European Union – Vietnam Free Trade Agreement on Vietnam’s footwear industry using the partial equilibrium model called Software for Market Analysis and Restrictions on Trade. From the 2015 trade and tariff database between EU and Vietnam accessed through the World Integrated Trade Solutions, the authors construct different possible scenarios under three key policies of tariff elimination, rule of origin and trade defense. The results show that the EU’s tariff removal for the Vietnam’s footwear exports would increase Vietnam’s product export value, even under the anti-dumping policy. However, the EU’s trade defense still has a negative impact on Vietnam's most important export footwear group HS Code 6403. The simulation results also indicate that there would be a remarkable shift in the export structure of the groups of products which would enjoy high tariff preference.