Journal of Asian Business and Economic Studies
Vol. 26(02) , October 2019, Page 301-312


Dividend policy and earnings quality in Vietnam
Nguyễn Thị Ngọc Trang & Bùi Kim Phương

Abstract
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between dividend policy and earnings quality of Vietnamese listed firms. Design/methodology/approach The sample includes firms listed on Vietnam stock exchange during the period between 2010 and 2016. Two measures of earnings quality are the annual firm-specific absolute value of residuals from Dechow and Dichev’s (2002) model and from Dechow and Dichev (2002) as modified by McNichols’s (2002) model. The firms’ dividend policy is captured by dividend paying status. This is a dummy variable that takes the value of 1 if the firm pays dividends and 0 otherwise. In addition, dividend yield and dividend payout ratio, which are continuous variables, are also used in this paper as alternative proxies for dividend policy. Findings Using panel data analysis, this paper documents that dividend payers have higher earnings quality than dividend non-payers. Dividends are an indicator of earnings quality. These findings are consistent with prior studies. After controlling for variables that may be related to earnings quality as well as for the year and industry fixed effects, this relation remains unchanged. In addition, this result is also robust after controlling for firm fixed effects. Originality/value This paper offers the empirical evidence on the relation between dividend policy and earnings quality in Vietnam, which is a frontier market.

Keywords
Earnings management, Vietnam, Earnings quality, Dividend policy, Frontier market
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