JABES Reviewing and Publishing Policies


1. Reviewing Policy

A double-blind peer review process is applied by JABES. The reviewing and publishing processes are shown in the following figure:


The reviewing process consists of three basic stages: (i) preliminary estimate; (ii) peer reviewing; and (iii) approval.

Stage 1: Preliminary estimate

Upon receiving the paper, JABES office confirms its arrival by email before it is preliminarily estimated in terms of scope, structure, contents and formatting of the text. Possible results of this stage are:

- The paper meets sufficient criteria and the author(s) is/are informed that it will be sent to reviewers.

- The paper falls short of criteria: If its shortcomings are not serious, revision and resubmission are recommended. Otherwise, it is desk-rejected and an appropriate notice will be sent to author(s).  

The JABES office confirms the arrival of the paper within three working days and informs its author(s) of results of this preliminary estimate within five working days after receiving the paper.  

Stage 2: Peer-reviewing

The paper is given a code number and sent to two reviewers, whose comments focus on the followings:

1. Structure and presentation of the paper,

2. Appropriateness of theories applied by the research,

3. Methods used by author(s),

4. Reliability of research data, and

5. Theoretical and practical significance of the paper.

Reviewers’ conclusions and recommendations may be:

1. Accepted: The paper can be published without revision.

2. Revisions required: The paper needs minor/major revisions and can be resubmitted for the second round of review.

3. Rejected: The paper is not published by JABES.

The author(s) revise(s) the paper as suggested by reviewers and resubmit(s) it for the second round of review. Conclusion from this round is either “accepted” or “rejected”.

Reviewers will give comments on the paper received from the JABES office within 21 days (the duration could be shortened in certain cases). 

The author(s) has/have 7 days after receiving reviewers’ comments to revise and resubmit the paper (the duration could be shortened in certain cases).

In sum, the reviewing process may last six months after the paper is sent to reviewers to produce the final decision.

Stage 3: Approval

JABES editorial leaders make the final decision (the paper accepted or rejected for publication) when:

 (1) The paper is approved by reviewers:

- If the editorial leaders agree with reviewers, the author(s) will be notified of this decision and the paper is included in the waiting list.

- Otherwise, another referee will be asked to settle the disagreement.

 (2) The paper is declined by reviewers: The case would be then the same as (1).

Accordingly, it takes the JABES office one to nine months, after the paper is sent for the reviewing process, to reach the final decision and inform the author(s) of the results.

 2. Publishing Policy

The paper, after its being accepted for publication, is sent to copyeditors who may make adjustments to its style, presentation, and formatting. Author(s) can be required to help with this process and is properly notified of any major changes.

  • Step 1 - Copyediting: Necessary changes or adjustments are made to the format, style, language, and presentation according to JABES criteria.
  • Step 2 - Manuscript presentation: Copyeditors adjust format and layout of the paper in its electronic version, and also check for any possible mistakes and plagiarism before saving it in relevant folders for future consultation.
  • Step 3 - Proof reading: The paper is printed for proof reading by copyeditors and managing editor (ME) before being sent to the layout technician (LT).
  • Step 4 - Review of first-round proof: LT employs design properties to present the paper according to the standard format set by the JABES office and has it printed. This copy is called the first-round proof. It is then reviewed carefully by copyeditors and ME. All necessary information about the paper should be in place now, such as article history, abstract and keywords in English. After the review, the first-round proof is sent back to LT.
  • Step 5 - Review of the second-round proof: LT makes corrections as instructed and produces the second-round proof. Copyeditors compare such with the first proof to detect possible mistakes. The proof is checked again by the ME before it is returned to the LT.
  • Step 6 - Decision on table of contents of the new journal issue: After all articles are well reviewed and arranged, the ME and his assistant draft the table of contents and all articles included in the issue are printed and paginated (this copy is called third-round proof) before being submitted to editorial leaders and ME for approval. Last rearrangement and adjustments are made if need be before relevant documents are sent to the printing house.
  • Step 7 - Final check: The third-round proof, subject to the editorial leaders’ approval, is sent to the LT, who will then turn it into pdf format and have it sent to the printing house along with the cover design prepared by the ME. At the same time the final proof in .doc/docx is sent to JABES administrator for filing.

Duration for copyeditors to complete steps from 2 to 5 is at most two working days each.

Duration for LT to carry out steps from 4 to 7 is at most one working day each.

Duration for the Stage 4 (preparations for publishing) varies from 10 to 15 working days, starting from reception of the accepted articles.