Enhancing Quality and Efficiency of Public Investment in Vietnam up to 2020
Diệp Gia Luật & Đặng Văn Cường & Bùi Duy Tùng
Based on the theories on quality and efficiency of public investment and on the ground of a new economic model, this study carries out an analytical assessment of the management of Vietnam’s public investment, with the primary aims to detect limitations on management, carry evaluation of the investment, and propose solutions to improving its quality and efficiency. The findings indicate that both the public investment quality and efficiency of Vietnam reveal certain limitations, and no evidence can be found for the effectiveness of investment expenditures in short terms, although a long-term relation exists between the public investment and economic growth. A few comprehensive solutions to investment enhancement until 2020 are as follows: (i) Rationally adjusting investment structures and portfolios, (ii) Improving institutional environment; (iii) Controlling investment efficiency; and (iv) Modernizing the monitoring system for the public investment.
Public Investment; Quality; Efficiency; ARDL; Dynamic OLS.
2020, Journal of Asian Business and Economic Studies
Using panel data along with the application of Pooled OLS, FEM, and REM estimates, this study conducts an investigation into the effects of a series of factors, namely state ownership, size, tangible assets, growth, return on assets (ROA),
effective tax rate, and liquidity, on capital structure of 165 HCMC-based equitized state-owned enterprises (SOEs),
categorized into three groups over the 2008–2012 period. As suggested by the findings, tangible assets, ROA, and liquidity are negatively related to leverage ratio and short-term debt ratio for the three groups of enterprises. In terms of firm size, there exists a positive correlation with leverage ratio and short-term debt ratio for Group 1 and 2 but a negative correlation with short-term debt ratio for the case of Group 3.