An investigation about the adaptive capacity of residents in Ho Chi Minh City when facing the flooding problems which have frequently happened in recent years. Although the government has spent a lot of money in the drainage system, and the situation has been reported to be better, a high proportion of surveyed people said that the improvement is just local; however, the whole city still needs more effort to control flooding. Households living closely to frequently flood-prone usually consider two main measures to protect themselves from the flood: Floor elevation or dry-proof investment. Since housing is a big money while their income is still low, moving to another place seems to be inapplicable. Doing almost nothing and leaning on the public projects are still the main strategy.
This study develops and empirically validates a Participation–Learning–Innovation–Performance chain by integrating employees’ budgetary participation, learning goal orientation, innovative behaviors, and job performance. In particular, this study evaluates the mediating effect of employees’ learning goal orientation on the relationship between their budgetary participation and innovative behaviors, and then examines the performance effect of these innovative behaviors on subsequent job performance. The hypotheses were empirically tested using a sample of 337 mid- and low-level managers from business organizations in Vietnam. Partial least squares-structural equation modeling was performed to test the hypotheses. The findings indicate that: (1) Employees’ learning goal orientation acts as a transmitting device that connects their budgetary participation and innovative behaviors, and (2) these behaviors in turn lead to enhanced job performance. From these findings, this study proposes theoretical and managerial implications regarding designing a favorable budgetary environment for positive employees’ performance outcomes.
The fierce competition among hardware companies is increasingly becoming a global competition. With a fast-paced innovative environment, international business is becoming a strategic plan that all hardware management teams have to follow. However, with unique characteristics of high-tech industry, the international business of hardware firm potentially has specific issues, which make this research worth to proceed. This study examines the relationship between international business and performance of hardware companies from 2008 to 2014. To evaluate this potentially significant relationship, different degrees of internationalization are accounted to examine whether each stage may influence dissimilarly to the performance. In order to study a greater scale of this relationship, innovative performance, as a key competitive factor of high-tech companies, is also measured as another indicator to evaluate the internationalization’s effects. A profound analysis is also provided to explain the findings based on unique characteristics of the hardware industry. The study finds out that companies who invest to diversify their markets likely achieve a higher profit during the internationalization process than their competitors.
The research aims to investigate retailer’s perceptions of impact of ASEAN Economic Community on the growth of Vietnam retail market. The research is conducted by qualitative and quantitative methods. A sample size is 271 retailers including the retail companies, grocery stores, supermarkets, trade center and convenience store chains. The Cronbach’s alpha, exploratory factor analysis and multiple regressions models are used to test the research hypotheses. The results reveal that retailer’s perception of the impact of ASEAN Economic Community which focuses on four factors such as: (1) Free trade, (2) investment attractiveness, (3) competitive pressure, and (4) competitiveness of small and medium enterprises have significantly positive relationship with the growth of retail sector. The results also suggest the managerial implications to develop Vietnam retail market.
This study investigates the ex-ante impact of the proposed European Union – Vietnam Free Trade Agreement on Vietnam’s footwear industry using the partial equilibrium model called Software for Market Analysis and Restrictions on Trade. From the 2015 trade and tariff database between EU and Vietnam accessed through the World Integrated Trade Solutions, the authors construct different possible scenarios under three key policies of tariff elimination, rule of origin and trade defense. The results show that the EU’s tariff removal for the Vietnam’s footwear exports would increase Vietnam’s product export value, even under the anti-dumping policy. However, the EU’s trade defense still has a negative impact on Vietnam's most important export footwear group HS Code 6403. The simulation results also indicate that there would be a remarkable shift in the export structure of the groups of products which would enjoy high tariff preference.
The textile and apparel industries play an important role in Vietnam’s economy in general and the manufacturing sector in particular. As a matter of fact, Vietnam ranks as one of the leading suppliers of textile and apparel for major economies in the world, including the European Union. This paper attempts to examine the potential impacts of the European Union - Vietnam Free Trade Agreement on the export of Vietnam’s apparel at three levels: 2, 4, 6–digit HS respectively, assuming full liberalization from Vietnam to European Union by 2026. An analysis is undertaken using WITS-SMART model to identify the variation of Vietnam’s apparel export as well as to predict some most affected products if European Union - Vietnam Free Trade Agreement is in full application. As a result, Vietnam’s apparel exporting to European Union will increase significantly by 42% compared to the base year (2016) and is expected to reach US$4.220 billion in the next 8 years. Due to trade diversion dominates over trade creation effect, Vietnam’s apparels will get more gains than non - European Union - Vietnam Free Trade Agreement members; however, this result is not because of an effective allocation of resources. Therefore, policy makers should implement some remedies to improve the competitivey of Vietnam’s apparels, to reduce the production price to bring advantages for both Vietnam and Europe.