The article discusses the factors affecting the access to formal credit by farming households in the Mekong Delta in 2009. Data includes 288 samples surveyed directly by authors and their colleagues in the period from May to October 2009. Employing the Heckman Selection Model, our research proves that head of the household (or householder) of Kinh (or purely Vietnamese) origin, locality where householder lives, size of the household, proportion of dependants, householder's participation in local authorities, and land area owned by the householder affect their access to formal credit supply.
Phú Thọ is a mountainous province in North Vietnam, and its Phuø Ninh is a typical district on low hills living on agriculture. The living standard here is still low: average personal income is VND7.6 million a year, 14% of families here are poor, and 20.5% of under-fives are undernourished. The situation shows that working out scientific measures to increase the personal income is really a challenge to policy makers. To achieve this aim, it's necessary to identify factors that affect the farming household income. Therefore the paper tries to address twos aspects: Scientific basis for income-affecting factors and suggested solution to farming household income.
In the process of building and developing the economy in our country, export has a very important role and position. For one thing, export is an important motive for economic growth that facilitates industrialization and modernization of our country, and for another thing, compared with other fields of the economy, it also suffers the first, direct, and biggest impact of changes in market forces and the world economy as well. That impact and influence never cease to increase along with deeper and deeper process of integration of Vietnam's economy into the world one. The study of Vietnam's export activities in the context of international integration, the estimate of achievements and limits, the proposal of solutions to be carried out for the upcoming development, all have a specially important meaning not only to export activities but also to other aspects of the socioeconomic life. We are well aware that globalization is a trend of the present era and that the need for the development of the country requires consistent realization of the policy on international economic integration.
On the basis of neoclassical economic theory, the general purpose of this study is to undertake an estimation of a system of output supply and factor demand for intensive production system in the Mekong Delta, using a profit function approach. To achieve higher profits from rice production and efficiency of input use, farmers need to operate at the economic optimum rather than the technical optimum. Thus, this paper will explore whether or not farming households are efficient at their current level of inputs' application when input and output prices are taken into account.
Over the past ten years since the first open of HCMC Securities Trading Center (HSTC) on July 28, 2000, Vietnam has witnessed a lot of ups and downs in the so-called stock market. It is also high time we had to glance back at the operation of this market with a view to improving the domestic economy for the time to come.
Since 2006, Vietnam has surpassed India and Brazil to become the largest cashew nut exporter in the world with the annual yield ranging from 150,000 to 177,000 tonnes. In addition to remarkable achievements, there are still many difficulties, i.e. low productivity, poor processing technology and the source of raw materials, lack of brand names, and so on. By this study, we deal with the implementation of Good Agriculture Practice (GAP) in cashew production in Bình Phöôùc Province, where some producers were awarded the certification by Fair-Trade Labeling Organization International (FLO) - an organization established by 24 developed countries and headquartered in Netherland, and propose some advices on the implementation of GAP to increase income and profit of producers.