Focusing on the investigation of “long-term” relationship between tax revenue, expenditure, and economic growth, this paper employs the Granger causality test and finds that the linkage between tax revenue and spending is a bi-directional causal correlation. Furthermore, applying Persyn and Westerlund’s (2008) co-integration test allows for corroboration of existence of long-run cointegration linkages among outcome of economy and the three variables. In addition, by adopting two-step system generalized method of moments (SGMM) for a dynamic panel of 82 developed and developing countries during 16-year period (2000–2015), this research demonstrates that the impact of tax revenue and spending is substantial and ambiguous, depending on different groups of economies.
This study sets out to investigate the factors influencing Vietnam firms’ innovation in various sectors by using World Bank (2015) enterprise survey of 996 firms across the country. We employ ordinary least squares (OLS), probit model, and marginal effect to estimate the impact of firm characteristics, industry characteristics, and business climate on different facets of innovation, including technology and non- technology. Quantitatively, we find that direct exporters, firm size, state ownership, email using, and competition increase the probability of technology innovation. Meanwhile, foreign ownership impacts negatively on innovation in all aspects, technology and non-technology innovation. Firm age and bribery are not influential factors to innovation in all cases. From the findings of analysis, a few policy implications regarding the studied factors are drawn for better environment for firm innovation.
Numerous studies have demonstrated that the success of businesses in the era of knowledge-based economy depends on their innovation capacity (Azevedo et al., 2007). Therefore, the main goal of this study is to explore the factors that impact the innovation capacity of enterprises in the Vietnam Southern high tech industry. Besides the qualitative method, the study carries out a survey of 380 enterprises in the fields of electronics, microelectronics, information technology, telecommunications, precision engineering, automation, biotechnology, and nanotechnology. The results reveal that total quality management, internal human resources, absorptive capacity, government support, and collaboration networks impact positively on the innovation capacity. In addition, the research proposes solutions for high tech enterprises to boost their innovation capacity in the future.
By employing discrete choice experiment with face-to-face survey data of 135 local inhabitants in Ho Chi Minh City, this paper analyzes preference for the urban metro network transportation. The result reveals that seat availability, time, and cost reduction of the trip with metro robustly incite users to utilize this transportation service. Passengers of metro are willing to pay 0.606 and 4.106 thousand VND for one minute reduction of travel time and seat availability on the train cart, respectively. Furthermore, monetary welfare gained for a switch to metro is 64.3 thousand VND for each individual. Some implications regarding ticket prices and policy are also discussed.
The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of non-performing loans on profitability and lending behavior, using an empirical framework that examines whether an increase of NPLs can lead banks to reduce their profitability and lending activity. To account for profit and lending persistence, the paper applies the Generalized Method of Moments technique for dynamic panels using bank-level data for 34 Vietnamese commercial banks over the period from 2005 to 2015. Throughout the whole sample, we find some evidence that the non-performing loan has a statistically significant negative effect on Vietnamese commercial banks profitability and lending behavior. The estimation results also show that other bank specific and macroeconomic determinants affect bank profitability and lending behavior significantly in the anticipated way. These findings will be helpful for bank managers and policy makers to improve the performance and lending behavior of Vietnamese commercial banks.
This study tests and discusses the relationships between personality traits in the Big-Five Model and consumers’ choice of luxury attributes (CLA) associated with branded products in Vietnam. A total of 500 adult consumers are interviewed by a self-administrated questionnaire in three cities in Vietnam. Because 33 cases are eliminated for missing values, the data of 467 consumers are employed in this study. Structural equation modeling is also adopted to evaluate the reliability and validity of the constructs and test hypotheses. The results indicate that while extraversion, openness, and agreeableness have significantly positive effects, conscientiousness and neuroticism have significantly negative impacts on the choice of luxury attributes. Thus, Vietnamese consumers with different personality traits have different preferences toward luxury products. The extra value of the paper is to provide deeper insights into how and why each personality trait can link with the choice of luxury attributes. This paper, in addition, particularly stresses that consumers who register in extraversion, openness, and agreeableness are the target audience for luxury branded products in Vietnam.